Grahame N's Web Pages
TALES FROM THE VIENNA
EUMIG AND 9.5MM
by Grahame Newnham
Like many pre-war cine manufacturers, the Austrian Eumig (Elektrizitate Und Metallwaren Industrie Gesellschaft) company of Vienna, seemed to have started early with our 9.5mm home movie film gauge. Lists show that their first cine camera , introduced in 1932 was 9.5mm and catalogued as the C1. I have little information about this camera except this nice photograph. It has a chunky black bakelite body, 16 fps clockwork drive, 30ft Pathé "P" or special Eumig charger film loading, f2.8 Meyer Trioplan 20mm fixed focus lens, with carry strap and internal viewfinder. Oddly, the start button is situated at the back of the cine camera.
9.5mm Eumig C1 cine camera
The next Eumig 9.5mm cine camera was the C2, launched in 1935 as the first cine camera with a built-in exposure meter. It has the same chunky box shape, black bakelite moulding fitted with either 20mm Meyer Tioplan f2.8 or Meyer Plasmat f1.5 lenses. Loading was by special Eumig or Pathé "P" charger. The exposure was semi-automatic with a matched needle system; on my example there appears to be no actual aperture markings, making manual exposure settings virtually impossible! Typical serial numbers: 4068, 5138.
9.5mm Eumig C2 cine camera
Eumig C2 Instruction Book
Cine cameras in 8mm and 16mm also appeared, but the next (and last) 9.5mm model arrived about 1938. Listed as the C39 and also supplied in 8mm with f1.9 lens, it bears a strong resemblance to the later 8mm Eumig C3 model. Again taking 30ft Eumig or "P" chargers of 9.5mm film, the camera body was made of pressed steel and of a much neater slimmer style. Its f2.7 Meyer Triplan 18mm fixed focus lens was coupled to the semi-automatic photo-electric exposure system, but this time with clearly marked 'f' stops! The clockwork drive provided filming speeds of 8, 16 and 32 frames/second, the setting combined with the film speed dial. There was a device for locking the release button, still fitted at the rear of the camera which also provided continuous run. Typical serial number 22560.
Eumig C39 cine camera
Although original models of the C39 were marked "Made in Austria", my example is marked "Made in Germany" reflecting the invasion of Austria by Nazi Germany in 1939. Oddly this Eumig 9.5mm cine camera was launched under the Pathé banner in France in their house magazine "Cinema Chez Soi" no. 116 for April/May 1939 as "Etoile D'Or" or "Gold Star" Pathé motocamera. The next magazine issue no.117 dated August/September 1939 has the advertisement for the "Etoile D'Or" covered over with an advert for the "National" ("H" in the UK) cine camera - they could hardly continue to import from the country they were at war with!
French Pathé house magazine "Cinema Chez Soi" No.116 April/May 1939
Whilst I can find no reference to the 9.5mm Eumig C39 cine camera in the UK after the war, it is listed in a 1953 French 9.5mm book (as Eumig) under current 9.5mm equipment.
The first Eumig cine projector, models for 9.5mm and 16mm I guess, was launched around 1931. Appropriately it was marketed as the Eumig P1 cine projector. The basic model was hand-turned - see the YouTube link below to see one in action. By adding the special base, this could be upgraded to a motor driven version - see the photo below (from Michael Rogge - cine collector extraordinaire!). I would love more information please (not to mention an example for my collection!)
Eumig P1 cine projector with motor base fitted
On YouTube is a video of a Eumig 9.5mm machine - titled a P1 - this one is hand turned
9.5mm Eumig P1 cine projector with motor base added
Another more upmarket Eumig cine projector design was available by 1935, supplied in separate models for 8mm, 9.5mm and 16mm. Mainly of pressed steel construction it was the Eumig P11 but generally known as the "Super". Available from around 1935 to 1939 it took 400 foot spools, had motor drive, specially designed efficient claw/cam mechanism, 35mm Meyer f1.6 lens and a 250 or 400 watt lamp making for nice bright pictures. A feature was the special side sprung sprockets where the film was just clipped on. Variable speed, reverse running, stills, true optical framing, motor rewind and a pilot lamp were provided.
Eumig P11 or "Super" cine projector
Soon a cheaper Eumig P111 cine projector arrived, it was fitted with a mains voltage 250 watt prefocus lamp with indirect lighting. A later version announced in the late 1930s was fitted with an extra resistance and used a 300 watt 110 volt lamp. The same Meyer f1.6 lens and clip-on sprocket design were used. Stills were provided on the 9.5mm and 16mm models, with the 9.5mm notched title device available to special order.
Eumig P111 cine projector (later version)
In 1951 Eumig announced a new cine projector available in all three gauges. This was a modernised version of the pre-war Super, now renamed the P25 and with a 500 watt lamp and f1.7 Eupro lens. A separate resistance was used for the 500 watt lamp, although it could be used with a 250 watt lamp without the separate dropper resistance. It took up to 400 foot spools, had reverse and still projection and a pilot lamp which came on when the projection lamp was extinguished. There is also a table lamp socket. Fast power rewind was by belt change. Oddly the lamp and motor are switched together - I guess the inner switch was originally for the lamp but 'pinched' for reverse running! With its distintive brown bakelite lamphouse cover and lens cowling, I think it remains a very attractive machine even today.
Eumig P25 cine projector
The P25 gets a good review in the ACW cine magazine, but for regular use these days it will definitely need a motor interference capacitor fitted!
Amateur Cine World magazine Eumig P25 review Feb 1954
Eumig products were marketed less than dynamically in the UK by distributors Actina Ltd during the mid 1930s. Although one sees the odd mention of Eumig projectors, I have yet to find any UK mention of the 9.5mm cine cameras, although examples do turn up here from time to time. By 1938, Neville Brown had taken over the Eumig agency in the UK and were mainly advertising the latest 8mm C4 electric drive cine camera. The P111 cine projector was also advertised by them in the Amateur Cine World home movie magazines of 1939. In the later days, with Johnsons of Hendon Ltd distributing Eumig products in the UK, the brand went from strength to strength with a fantastic range of 8mm and later Super 8mm cine equipment. In fact Eumig became the world's largest manufacturer of cine equipment for a time, suffering its first body blow when the Poloroid Instant Movie system failed commercially and Eumig had to sack around 1000 staff (Eumig had the contract to manufacture the Polavision movie equipment).
However the Eumig brand provides another group of rarer cine equipment for the 9.5mm collector to seek out.
(based on my original article in the Group 9.5 Magazine Number 111 Autumn 2002)
Check out a full and comprehensive history of the Eumig company on Wikipedia
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Created 13Jan2015 .......... Last updated: 16 June 2015 ...........
95geareum.htm ............ ©MMXV Grahame Newnham's Web Pages
19Jan2015 - Eumig P11/Super confusion sorted and other errors corrected - thanks to Terry Vacani! / 21Jan2015 - extra C2 photo
15Jun2015 - link to Eumig C2 Instruction Book added